web development trends for 2019

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Three-part series (linked as they go live):

Online Growth Trends 2019: Ecommerce

Online Growth Trends 2019: Cloud

Online Growth Trends 2019: Web Development

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Forecasters are often criticized because they simply cannot always be accurate – since there is ultimately some guesswork involved. Meteorologists are a great example of a group that is maligned for being inaccurate, when in fact they are incredibly accurate on the whole: SciJinks, from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), noted that 10-day forecasts are approximately 80% accurate, while 7-day forecasts are about 90% accurate. Similarly, predicting trends for 2019 is relatively accurate when sourcing reliably and considering that no increased use of a technology is within a vacuum but is in relationship with other trends. Hence, most of these 2019 trends should hold true despite the fact that we are making prognostications at the beginning of the year.

Increasing need for adaptability 

Since mobile has become such a critical part of the Internet (representing 63% of users according to a 2017 analysis), it is necessary to meet the needs of mobile users as a first priority. Adaptive websites and applications are becoming more common in this climate. Services are easily accessible and can be web-connected immediately in these highly scalable environments. Often apps will be built to operate offline, with the ability to connect and transfer data as needed. Visual web development – i.e., web design – is going through seismic changes too. Adaptability is by no means built into all systems at this point. It continues to become a more crucial guiding principle in 2019.

New coding in JavaScript and PHP7  

JavaScript is often used by developers in their own work, noted Tarun Nagar. While the language has many aspects that are imperfect, it is developing all the time and continues to be used by most organizations worldwide. Turning to PHP, to say that it is popular is a huge undersell; it is actually used on 4 out of every 5 websites (80%), per Linux systems administration journalist Hayden James.  The release of PHP7 has also caused sea changes within development. “Possibility to group import ads as well as Engine exceptions along with anonymous classes is duly added,” said Nagar. Another significant aspect of PHP7 is that it introduced the Unicode Codepoint Escape Syntax.

Website performance has benefited from the improved performance that PHP allows. It has allowed for the huge trends in blockchain systems; P2P trading and exchanges; and the cryptocurrency industry. While organizations have started to realize the many powerful applications of blockchain, cryptocurrency was the first; in order to create cryptocurrency, web developers have to understand the technology completely. Organizations that develop cryptocurrency should also be careful with their user agreements given the risks of the field.

Web design shifts online

The programming language used to be determined by individual coders until HTML5 made JavaScript not restricted to web but a nearly ubiquitous development language.

There are many ways that you can customize your approach to JavaScript by utilizing different JavaScript frameworks. While having various frameworks is not completely aligned with standardization, it is possible to transfer out the basic notions used within a certain framework to another setting, as indicated by Carl Bergenhem. “This shifts the focus to better programming habits and architecture of web applications, rather than being akin to picking your favourite flavour of ice cream,” said Bergenhem.

Because native mobile and web applications are used through the same codebase within Native, NativeScript, and other frameworks, those frameworks will help to draw additional coders to web technologies.

Another reason that coders will increasingly turn to the web is Web Assembly. Coding languages such as Rust, C#, and C++ are able to tap into the web because of this feature. More languages will be able to use the web due to projects such as Blazor, which uses .NET within the web. The language that is used by a developer will cease to matter for web – which means, essentially, that all developers are now web developers.

Progressive web applications (PWAs) will further the abmiguity of the delineation between web apps and native mobile apps. As there is less of a distinct choice that must be made in that regard, coders will be freed not to have to worry about the platform decision and to place their priorities squarely on user experience.

Personalization of AI

The applications of emergent technologies are often discussed in terms of their sexiest representatives. Hence we discuss automation in terms of the driverless car. However, the power of a less glamorous technology such as artificial intelligence (AI) cannot be ignored; and there are plenty of exciting applications for it too, diverse environments in which it will be deployed. This issue is best understood in context. Analytics has traditionally been about logging data and using it for the next version – which is reactive. In 2019, analytics will reach another tier of development with the implementation of machine learning. In this new world, data on how your app is being used will be gathered and used to determine how the site should evolve, furthering the quality of the user experience immediately. This approach is proactive.

What this agility of the app will permit is the capability to deliver UX that is most suitable to the particular person – assuming that there is sufficient data available for the user. This chameleonic aspect will allow you to produce a personalized website that can check the user and then present different tools and functionalities.

Progressive web apps 

Discussed briefly above, PWAs are becoming more prominent based on sharpening understanding of user behavior. These apps are built in a manner than is intended to improve retention and sales by making it easier for individual people to use it. HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are some of the core technologies that allow for progressive web apps.

Again, this idea of adaptability being key to web development is huge in 2019. There is independent updating of the apps, allowing for autonomy. PWAs are also notable because any kind of native user settings or mobile devices will allow for full functionality of the app. The Service Worker API is typically used for automatic updating of PWAs. HTTPS protocol is used to protect data via encryption.

Web accessibility

Web accessibility is an issue that technologists probably too little discuss. The truth is that this need, to practice inclusivity in ensuring those with disabilities do not have difficulty using your site, is becoming more central in 2019. Bergenhem noted that accessibility will continue to become more important to development whether because of governmental regulations or from developers turning more to methods that are inherently more accessible. “Accessibility is essential for developers and organizations that want to create high quality websites and web tools, and not exclude people from using their products and services,” explained the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

High-performance infrastructure to accelerate development

Staying abreast of trends in web development can help you to sharpen your skills in the most important areas as time passes. Of course, web development is not just about incorporating approaches into the way you develop but building and operating through fast, reliable infrastructure. At Total Server Solutions, we have brought together some of the best, most high-performance technologies and packaged them to be used together. See our true hosting platform.